Sustainable packaging results in improved sustainability. It involves use of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Such packaging reduces environmental impact. The full supply chain, from manufacturing to marketing is to be kept in mind along with the (end of life and rebirth). An Eco-cost to value ratio can be used. The goals are to improve viability and quality of human life. Sustainable packaging must meet the functional and economic needs of the present and also ensuring, at the same time, the ability of the future generations to meet and fulfill their needs. Sustainability is not an end state but a continuous process.
The criteria for ranking and comparing packaging based on the sustainability are an active area of development. The goals are product protection, follow safety regulation. It should be cost-effective and support long-term human and ecological health.
Social impacts of packaging are as important as the environmental and economic impacts. There are the following benefits of sustainable packaging.
Product protection: it helps to preserve the freshness, nutritional value and taste of the product. It also helps to extend shelf life of food and minimizes wastage. Through sustainable packaging, the product remains harmless and healthy throughout its life cycle. This positively impacts on food supply and global sustainability.
Family Safety: Un-temperable seals, pop-up-lids and date codes ensure that you and your loved ones get the medicines and foods at purchase point safely and ready for use when you get these at home.
Product Usage:by highlighting the method of use on the packaging, the product usability is enhanced which facilitate the end-consumers.
Availability: you can get food, clothing and other essentials to “disaster hit” areas, safely; and ready to use.
Convenience:Buy everything in bulk and break it down at home to use it at your convenience. Sustainable packaging helps to support your lifestyle choices.
Eco-environmental: sustainable packaging is an addition to environmental considerations in packaging. companies are reducing their carbon footprint, using more recycled material and re-using more packaging components.